The Charter is the constituting instrument of the EuroBioBank Network as of January 2006. It sets out the principles agreed upon by the Members of the EuroBioBank Network.

In particular, the Charter recalls the ethical guidelines endorsed by the EuroBioBank Network and its Members, defines the organisation and governance of the EuroBioBank Network, establishes the benefits and duties attached to membership, as well as the conditions of access to and withdrawal of membership.

Since 2017, the EuroBioBank Charter has merged with the RD-Connect Code of Practice, which sets out the principles and guides based on updated ethical, legal and social issues (ELSI).